Panchanga – Five-fold division of time in Vedic Astrology
Classical Vedic astrology uses a five-fold division of time. There is enormous insight to be gained into each day by studying the Panchanga factors.
Panchanga – Five-fold division of time in Vedic Astrology – Video
The Panchanga components are:
• Vara (Day Lord) – Planetary ruler of the Day
• Nakshatra (Star) of the Day – The 27 fold Nakshatra Zodiac
• Tithi (Lunar Phase) of the Day – 12 degree portion of separation of the sun
from the moon. There are 15 days of the waxing moon (Shukla Paksha) and 15
days of the waning moon (Krishna Paksha)
• Karana (1/2 Tithi) of the Day – related to an animal, breaks the tithi up into 2
portions (like day and night).
• Nitya Yoga (Sun / Moon Yoga) of the Day – Take the Sun’s Longitude +
Moon’s Longitude – divided by 13°20′ – There are 27 – also connected to a Nakshatra
As a practical matter, I use parts of the Panchanga in daily forecasting, as well as integrating them into the more traditional/planets, zodiac, etc. structures we have already discussed.
In particular, the tithi is important, yet overlooked. It shows the phase angle between the sun and the moon on any given day. Of course, the extremes of the tithi what we call the new moon (Purnima) and the full moon (Amavasya).
All Indian celebrations and festivals coincide with a certain lunar phase. Many festivals begin on new moons (Diwali, Navratri, etc). Yet other celebrations begin on lunar phases that coincide with the deity involved, Ganesh Chaturthi (4th tithi), ShivaRatri (14th tithi). The tithi refers to the feeling/emotion of the day – the element of water.
Uttara Bhadra Pada Nakshatra – shows the soul determined to reach the depths of truth in Vedic Astrology.
Uttara Bhadra Pada means “later auspicious foot” or “later auspicious result”. It is from 3:20 – 16:39 of Pisces. It is where we need to go deeper into that lightning strike. In the previous one, we have been struck by lightning and this is just really the first moment that we have a clue. It is not the ending of anything, it is just the beginning.
Uttara Bhadra Pada Nakshatra – Later Blessed Result – Video
Deity: Ahi Bhudnya
Sign(s)/Degrees: 3:20 – 16:39 Pisces
Symbol: Double-faced man, stage, machan, legs of cot
Story: Before we get that lightning strike, we are just kind of hapless about what life is all about. We don’t even know where here to learn. We just think that we are here to be happy. When we get struck by lightning, some people mistake that to be the goal but it is not. It is just the beginning, it just waking up. Now we need to get in school and make a commitment to go deeper into that which is Uttara Bhadra Pada.
The deity is called “Ahi Bhudnya” which means the celestial serpent or snake. This is actually related to rays of light or sun (Sun is not just a big fire ball). It is like a celestial serpent that goes deep into our psyche and also pushes us up toward the Sun or ParamAtman, the supreme self.
It is like a serpent that comes from the Sun into our mind and illuminates all those dark holes in our psyche and mind. This is what happens once we make commitment to really becoming liberated rather than mistaking that glimpse to just be the end in itself.
Uttara Bhadra people have a lot of service. They like to serve higher causes. They can be quite selfless and very committed to spiritual awakening and growth. It is that part of Pisces that is very much not of this world and very interested is becoming liberated and working hard for it and serving others also on the path.
The last Nakshatra is called Revati. This is at the very end of the solar system, from 16:40 to 29:59 of Pisces. It is ruled by the deity called Pushan which is the shepherd. A lot of the imagery of a shepherd is really similar to what you see with Pushan.
Revati Nakshatra – Wealthy, Rich – Video
Sign(s)/Degrees: 16:40 – 29:59 Pisces
Symbol: Mridanga (drum), fish
Story: It is at the end of the zodiac where the soul has done all that work in Uttara Bhadra. It is tapas (that is what is called) or effort where you sacrifice worldly happiness and all the stuff in order to know the truth. It takes lot of exertion and power and it is not that very easy. You have to face all your demons and sort of died consciously. Once you do that, the gentle Pushan leads you home. If you do that hard work in Uttara Bhadra Pada, then that last part of the journey is very gentle. The shepherd leads you home.
This is really that part of Pisces which is very selfless even to the point of being self-sacrificial. People who have planets in Revati sometimes can even feel like they are being taken advantage of because they cannot say no to someone in need. They feel very responsible for protecting the flock. This is very much about ministers and teachers and those who want to provide shelter for those in need. It is also where we find lost objects and animals.
These are the stories of Pushan, the deity where you find lost animals on the road, where he finds and brings it home. It is good for finding lost objects like if you are doing an electional chart and there are planets in Revati, you will find it because Pushan brings it home for you.
It is this kind of gentle shepherd at the very end of the zodiac. After that long journey that started all the way back at Ashwini and came all the way round through all the struggles of the world and all that effort, that lightning strikes and this and that, the last thing is easy. That is why you will always hear great gurus and teachers saying “Just relax.” One of the metaphors that my guru says is, “When you get in the plane you do not have to walk, it is taking you where you are supposed to go. Just sit down and relax and let it take you there.”
This is the kind of nature of Revati. After you have done that work, then you just have to relax and surrender and the god will take you over to the other shore.
Purva Bhadra Pada Nakshatra literally means “early auspicious foot”. It exists from 20:00 of Aquarius to 3:20 of Pisces. It bridges Aquarius and Pisces where the individual has merged with the with the collective and social, which is what Aquarius is.
Purva Bhadra Pada – Earlier Blessed Result – Video
Deity: Aja Eka Pada
Sign(s)/Degrees: 20:00 Aquarius – 3:20 Pisces
Symbol: Double-faced man, stage, machan, legs of cot
Story: Aquarius is where we merge our individual identity with the collective and the social. It is where that principle then becomes even more surrendered. It is not even about people and culture, it is about the metaphysical — about the beyond.
If you remember in the previous Nakshatra, Satabhishak, the sky was charged with static electricity. In this Nakshatra, Purva Bhadra Pada, there is the lightning strike that comes down. First you need that air to be charged with the power of Satabhishak which brings healing reins and metaphysical awareness to find a hundred medicines and doctors.
Now that lightning strike comes down from heaven and brings us inspiration straight down from the heaven and strikes us and we have a glimpse of our divine nature in Purva Bhadra Pada.
Literally, the lightning refers to that lightning strike of inspiration that comes down from heaven in a tangible form and strikes the Earth and that is the tangible result.
The deity is called Aja Ekapada which means “one-footed goat”. Literally it is related to lightning, it is a way to symbolize lightning and one-footed goat because the lightning strikes in one spot. It is this lightning strike inspiration so it could be very inspirational Nakshatra where we can have this glimpse of greatness and immortality but we can also mistake that glimpse to be the goal.
We can be quite fanatical about things like “I’ve seen God” or “I am God”. We are God but as a potential not as an ultimate. We have not realized God until we go to the next Nakshatra which is Uttara Bhadra and we make the commitment to really activate it. But in Purva Bhadra we get that lightning strike which is important because before that we are clueless. We do not really know what is going on until we get struck by a lightning.
It is that kind of spark of creativity. It is related to the Kundalini. It is related to the fire coming up from Dhanishta and the static charge in Satabhishak. Then this lightning comes down and we get charged with that glimpse of eternity within us.
It is very powerful but it can be also a bit ungrounded. It is where Aquarius, which is that universalized social consciousness starts to become mystical and even not of this world whatsoever because before that glimpse we still think that our life has something to do with the Earth. Where not just of the world, where also beyond it. And this is Aquarius becoming Pisces where we get a glimpse of what is even beyond the world as a social being.
Shatabishak is related to a god called Varuna who is the god of the seasons, separating the day and the night and the upper atmosphere. It is related to the upper atmosphere like clouds/storm clouds, the richness and moisture in the air like in the upper atmosphere of the Earth but also in the upper atmosphere of your mind.
Shatabishak- 100 Medicines or Doctors – Video
Sign(s)/Degrees: 6:40 – 19:59 Aquarius
Symbol: Circle, flower
Story: The term Shatabishak literally means “a hundred doctors” or “a hundred physicians” or “a hundred medicines”. It has to do with the metaphysical angst that compels us to seek an alternative answer. For instance, if someone gets sick and cannot be cured, we look everywhere for cure. In doing so, it makes us a great healer. It is this kind of eccentric genius that comes forth in Shatabishak where we need to become a physician or a metaphysician ourself in order to find a cure for — if it is not a physical ailment then an emotional or psychological ailment — and really just to figure out our human condition.
The God Varuna separates the day from the night and from the seasons and keeps cosmic order inline. It is related to that upper atmosphere like you can imagine storm clouds that are charged with electrostatic energy.
The previous Nakshatra, Dhanishta, was the fire in the Earth. The fire in the Earth is trying to move up and the static electricity from the heaven is up there and they sort of pull on each other.
Varuna has to do with the storm clouds or with the air charged with a lot of static power and the previous Nakshatra, Dhanishta, was that fire in the spine or the Earth that is trying to move up, like a volcano trying to erupt.
Shatabishak, the hundred physicians or the hundred medicines have to do with that rich, ripe energy in the upper atmosphere of your mind and in the sky as well.